Three Main Roles of Cheerleading:

Three Main Roles of Cheerleading

Before moving on to a new sport, your biggest question may be, what exactly do you need to do? For other sports, it is often straight – pick up the racket and hit the ball or chase the ball and hit it in the goal. But to cheer, it’s complicated. Different players who hold different chair-leading positions will need different things depending on their roles. The three main characters in cheerleading are the base, the flyer and the spotter. Really versatile chair leaders will be able to play any of these roles, although it is more common for chair leaders to focus on just one or two roles. However, after each character goes bad, you may lose interest in trying all three characters!

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Bases are known as the base of any stunt – they lift the flyers in the air! Unless by some magical power, the flyers will not be able to swim in the air alone. Bases are usually tall and strong members of the team but are not misled! Good bases are decided not by their size but by their technique. As a base, it is important to have good technique and structure because without it, you will definitely suffer from all the unknown pains on your body. To have the proper technique, the bases should use both legs and arms – not just rely entirely on the strength of the arm. Most of the power should come from the feet. As the bases move away from the ground with their legs, the gain speed will shift to the shoulders and then to the stunt. If you are base and feel that the stunt is too heavy for you, chances are, you have the wrong technique!

As far as the form is concerned, the back base should be straight. Never turn back or lean forward. This is important because it ensures that the speed is transferred from the legs to the other in a straight line. If your back is not straight, your back may be injured as the force will be directed there! This is a really useful image that shows how your shape should look like a base! Remember, technique and form are just as important as strength! Follow good technique and form and remember to complete your strength work. This will help make the stunt much easier!


The spotter that help lift the struts are very similar to the bases, but they are positioned in the stunts. They are usually placed behind and sometimes in front of the stent.

Spots are not the mainstay of the spot but they do help stabilize or balance the stunt. They are also the first point of contact for the flyer when they are fired or dropped. The image on the right shows how to attach strong muscles to the backs. Generally, spots are called shots during stunts because they have a better view of the overall stunt than flying and bases. It is very difficult to be a spotter. If you help too little, the bases may be overwhelmed, but if you help too much, the plane will not land!

Being self-backing, there were many instances where the stunt failed because of me. I always thought that in order to be a good spotter, I would have to put all my energy into lifting the flyer so that my bases would feel a ‘light’ weight. But by doing so, it is really detrimental to the stunt because the flyer cannot raise his hand to the bases and his balance will be affected. A good position is not to take all the weight off the bases, but to help keep the plane in balance and lose some weight from your bases! Here are some pictures that provide tips that are very practical for both bases and markers!


Flying are people you see being lifted or thrown into a stunt. This character is often full of thrills and excitement, however, not everyone has the courage to do so! The easiest position in cheerleading seems to be to fly. Wrong! The assumption that since they don’t have to carry anyone in the air, it’s not as difficult as having a base. But the fact is, being a flight is also very physically demanding. They need to have complete control over the body. It is important for pilots to be aware of their body and weight distribution. If their weight distribution is too far away, it can affect the entire stent and potentially cause a reduction. And keeping them all in mind is not an easy task!

In addition, some stunt pilots require special skills. For example, liberty stunts are commonly associated with stretches such as scorpion, heel pull and scale. Pulling these stretches while you are on the ground is already a challenge in itself, yet you have to pull it alone when you are in the air!

Look at that! Not only does it look so easy when he pulls his strings, but he also has such a wide smile on his face! Those who fly to higher levels have to turn in the air, whether they are lost or skilled. Not only do flyers need to know how to turn, they must be extremely precise at this time and with their landing position! Any kind of miscalculation and it can lead to injuries.

Use this acronym if you want to flyer!

tight –
Stay tuned! Keep your legs close together and try to make your whole body a cohesive piece as much as you can.
Arm –
Use it to maintain your weight by lifting your arms!
Balance –
Try to find your own center and balance. It’s easy on your bases and less scary for you
Eye contact –
Always keep eye contact with the crowd! Never look down on your stunt.

This is an overview of the three main roles of cheerleading and truth telling, you can be good in any role with proper technique and practice. So go ahead and try chair chairing if you haven’t already! If you are currently in a good mood, follow the techniques I have shared with you and you will perform better.