Cricket was introduced to North America by the English colonies in the early 17th century, and in the 18th century it spread to other parts of the world. These colonies were introduced to India in the West Indies and by the Marines of the British East India Company. It reached Australia as soon as the colonies began in 1788 and reached New Zealand and South Africa in the early 19th century.
What is a cricket ?
Cricket is a ground and ball game played between two teams of eleven players with a field in the middle with a pitch of 22 yards (20 meters) in the center with one wicket at each end. In which three bulls are placed on each.
Hitting the ball (and running between the wickets) on the ball thrown at the wicket by the batsman makes runs, while the bowling and fielding side try to stop it (by preventing the ball from leaving the field, and the ball One side is also taken (wickets) and each batsman is out (so that they are “out”).
Sources of getting out include being bowled, when the ball hits the stumps and eliminates the bulls, and the fielder catches the ball either after hitting the bat and before it hits the ground Yes, or the ball has to hit the wicket before. The batsman can cross the crease in front of the wicket. When ten batsmen are out, the innings ends and the teams change their roles. The game is played by two umpires, the third umpire and the match referee in international matches. He talks to two off-field scorers who record match statistics.
From T20 to cricket, each team bats in an innings of 20 overs and plays Test matches for more than five days. Cricketers traditionally play in the all-white kit, but in limited overs cricket they wear the colors of the club or team. In addition to the basic cut, some players are wearing protective clothing to avoid injury caused by the ball, which is a stiff, solid croissant made of compressed leather, with a slightly raised seam seam. There is a laminated cork cover with a wound wire.
The earliest reference to cricket is in the south-east of England in the mid-16th century. It spread worldwide with the expansion of the British Empire, with the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century. The governing body of the game is the International Cricket Council (ICC), which has 100 members, of which 12 are full members who play Test matches. The rules of the game, Cricket Law, are administered by the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London. The game is mainly played in the Indian subcontinent, Australia, the United Kingdom, South Africa and the West Indies.  Women’s cricket, which is organized and played separately, has also achieved international standards. The most successful team in international cricket is Australia, which has won seven ODI trophies, including five World Cups, and has been the most successful Test team in the world.
How to play cricket ?
- To play cricket you will need :
- -11 player
- -Cricket ball
- -Cricket bat
- -2 wickets
- -6 stumps
- -4 bails
And optional you need, “protective gear ” Two teams of 11 teams play cricket in which one side gets a chance to bat on one ball and runs are scored while the other team will bowl and field the ball to prevent the opposition from scoring. The real goal in cricket is to score as many runs as possible against an opponent. Before the match, the captains of both teams toss to decide which team will bat and field first.
Each cricket match consists of periods known as periods, and the number of innings of each team is determined before the match, usually one or two. During an innings, one team bats the ball while the other tries to field. Both teams take turns between batting and fielding.
The match takes place on the Oval Cricket Ground, which consists of a rectangular pitch in the center. A boundary marks the boundaries of a field, and can take the form of a fence, rope or lines. In addition, a wooden target known as a wicket is placed at a distance of about 20 meters at both ends of the rectangular pitch. The wicket is made up of three stumps, which stop the two bulls that sit on the stumps.
Lines also mark the pitch, a bowling crease lined up for the wicket with a line. Another line, known as the popping or batting crease, is located 1.2 meters in front of the wicket. These creases determine the area where bowlers and batsmen can work.
When the game is on, all 11 members of the fielding team are required to enter the field, but only two members of the batting team are allowed on the field. One player is selected from the fielding team and is known as the bowler, while the other 10 players are known as the fielder. The bowler will then try to hit the wicket with the ball, while a fielder – specifically known as the wicket-keeper – will follow the wicket if the ball is lost.
The opposition batsman will try to hit the ball before colliding with the wicket. Once the batsman hits it, the rest of the fielders have to chase the ball. The role of the batsman is to prevent the wicket from hitting the ball by batting the ball away. In addition, to make a run, both batsmen have to move from their respective wickets to the second wicket as many times as possible after hitting the ball.