History of Tennis ,Origin, Invention, History of Tennis -20 century ,and types of Tennis courts:

History of tennis - Wikipedia

Where did Tennis originate?

Some historians believe that tennis originated in ancient Egypt. It is a common belief that the word ‘racket’ is derived from the Arabic word ‘rakhat’, which means ‘palm’. However, the most common view is that French monks began playing tennis in the 11th-12th centuries. Tennis began to develop into a professional sport in 1872, when the first lawn tennis club was established Later, the original rules for lawn tennis were preserved (tennis on a lawn).

Who invented the Tennis?


Although it is impossible to give a definitive date for the game, it is acknowledged that Walter Clopton Wingfield, a British Army officer, invented the rules for tennis, later calling it “lawn tennis” in 1873. He realized the important commercial potential of lawn tennis and patented the game, although he failed to justify its creation. Mr Onefield said he had taken the Greek game “Sphairistike” (Greek for playing ball). However, many researchers believe that he used only the principles of the famous English games – playing on the courts, squash racket, playing badminton in outdoor sports. Long ago, tennis players preferred to call the game of wingfield “tennis on the green” because they played tennis on a small, grassy lawn.

Court Tennis:

Lawn tennis is also known, as court tennis was very popular among the upper class in medieval France. At the same time, it was very popular in Britain, especially in the time of Henry VIII. Historians believe that most tennis terms are derived from French words. In fact, the word “tennis” comes from the word “tenez” (“tenir” means to catch in French). When tennis players hit a service, they would shout “tennis”. The word “Deuce” comes from the French word “deux le jeu”, which means “equal” – in other words, to score at the current stage of the game. The score 15-30-40 is derived from the French words “Quinze”, “Trente” and “Quarante”, or quarter (15-30-45, where 45 was changed to 40).

The history of Davis Cup:

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Initially, the tennis ball was made of wool and filled with sawdust, sand and wool. Later, a high-bound ball was invented, allowing players to play on the courts. The game was first played in the United States thanks to Marie Young, and the country played its first tennis match in 1874 on the courts of a cricket and baseball club on Staten Island. The first amateur championship was played on the courts of the World English Tennis and Cricket Club Wimbledon (Men’s Championship in 1877 and Women’s Championship in 1884). The first lawn tennis team championship in 1900 was called the Davis Cup and it attracted a lot of attention from the international tennis community. In 1963, a similar women’s championship was played under the name Fed Cup. Both championships helped raise the profile of lawn tennis.

The history of Tennis Association:

When tennis began to make huge profits in the 20’s, most of the amateur players were professionals. In the late 19th century, tennis began to spread to the English colonies, first to Australia and then to the rest of the world. Lawn tennis rules in the United States were in place until 1991, when the USTA (United States Lawn Tennis Association) was formed. The association has set the rules for lawn tennis and tournament procedures. The annual men’s singles competition was held in Newport under the auspices of the Association (1881). The first women’s competition was held in Philadelphia in 1887.

The history of Tennis -20th century:

The championship was renamed the US Open in 1968 and was to be played at the National Tennis Center, New York. Wimbledon and the US Open were the biggest tournaments of the 20th century. In 1968, a new era in tennis began with amateur and professional players who have the right to compete on a large scale. The Women’s Tennis Association-Professional Women’s Tournament was established in 1971 to ensure equal financial support for both men and women. Lawn tennis tournaments can easily compete with the popularity of the Olympic Games, where tennis players have been participating since 1988.

Levels of Tennis:

Tennis is a sport that can be played on many different levels. Each level has different game features that will affect the style of play and the players’ natural ability to play. The International Tennis Federation classifies each level based on level speed, which varies gradually from level 5 to fast.

Four major types of Tennis courts:

There are four main types of surfaces for tennis courts:

1:Grass courts

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Grass is the traditional lawn tennis level and Wimbledon’s famous signature court. This is not the level you see these days often due to constant maintenance to keep the courts in top condition. This level plays very fast and the hair usually bounces less, keeping the meetings relatively short. On the grass, players have to hit the ball much faster than on the dirt or hard court and often play into the hands of net players and those who want to serve as a tactic. Profession plays a more important role in the game than any other level.

2:Clay courts

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Clay courts are made of crushed shell, stone or brick. This level slows down the ball and produces a slower and higher bounce than other levels. This usually makes the rallies longer and more suitable for baseline players and players who want to use a lot of spin and find great angles. This level removes many of the benefits of big tasks, and for players who hardly rely on their service to overcome the mud. One of the most popular clay court competitions is the French Open.

3:Hard courts

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As the name suggests, hard courts are made of uniform, hard materials with an acrylic surface layer. This level is very popular all over the world because it generally provides a good and ‘all round’ playing experience and offers more consistency than other outdoor levels. Although the speed of play on hard courts can depend on these exact materials, they are generally faster than clay, but not as fast as grass. At this level, both Australia and the United States are open. The US Open is played on acrylic hard courts, while the Australian Open is played on a synthetic surface.

4:Artificial grass

It is an artificial surface with the appearance of grass and plays a similar role in many ways. The ball will pass quickly and usually keep low but for all the quality of the player it is also a good surface level as the bounce is even and provides a constant level of spin. You will find this level on all tennis courts at Nelson Beach Club. While these are important levels, the ITF also has a ranking of concrete, asphalt and carpet courts levels.