History of ice Hockey ,origins ,playing and equipment:

Ice hockey is thought to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in Britain and elsewhere in the 18th and 19th centuries. These games were brought to North America and many similar winter sports were developed using informal rules, such as shenanigans and ice polo.

Ice hockey is a contact team game played on ice, usually in the indoor or outdoor rink, in which two teams of skaters shoot a rubber calf in the opponent’s net to score a goal. They use their sticks to kill. The game is known for being fast and physical, teams usually field six players at a time one goal stander prevents the pick from getting into his net, two defensive youngsters, and three forwards who block the ice duration. Trying to score picks and goals against the opposing team.

Origins of Ice Hockey:

In 2008, IIHF officially declared. The first game of ice hockey was played in Montreal in 1875. ice hockey’s first rules to have been published in 1877 by the Montreal Gazette . However, research reveals that organized ice hockey / bandy games were first played on skates in England and that the earliest rules were also published in England. Canada made an important present to the game from the 1870s . By the 20th century, Canadian rule had reshaped the sport.

Early stick and ball game “Hockey” is one of the many “stick and ball games” that can go back to the beginning of recorded history. There is evidence that such games could be played in ancient Egypt and Greece, and that stick and ball games were played by Native Americans in the United States before the arrival of European settlers. There is also clear evidence that stick and ball games were played in medieval Europe. For example, a 13th-century encyclopedia compiled by Dominican Friesen Vincent of Beauvais (France), includes an example of the game of four men [the spiritual] a la crosse in which the player plays the ball. They used curved sticks to move Towards a target.

However, hockey developed from the stack and ball games played in the British Isles, especially in Harling (Ireland), Shanti (Scotland) and Bandy (England). These games share a very similar infrastructure and have been documented since the 14th century. Hurling was an ancient Irish stick and ball game originally played on the ground and resembled modern field hockey (later developed into today’s aerial game). In Scotland, people played a similar game called shinty (variations include shinny schynnie and chamiare). In England, another similar sport was called “bandy” or “bandy ball”. The name is thought to be derived from either the verb “to bandy” (to strike back and forth) or the bent stick used in the game. The term “bondage” was used at least until 1610–11, when William Strauss-Kahn, the first secretary of the Virginia colony, described a similar game of the Powhatan Indian tribe.

Playing on Ice :

The first reported abortion game of a stick and ball game on ice was “Chamiare” (Shanti), played on the ice of the Fourth of Fourth in Scotland in 1608, during what was called the “Great Winter”. Was However, it is doubtful that athletes used skates, as iron skates were not introduced to the British Isles around 1660. This year, the British royal family returned from exile in the Netherlands, and with it a passion for skating. It quickly became a popular amusement park in London, with director Samuel Pepys remarking in 1662 that he “saw people sliding through their gates” on a canal in St. James’s Park, a beautiful art. ۔ ” At the same time, Dutch drainage workers introduced metal skates to Fence (a coastal plain in eastern England), where an extensive network of canals provided ample opportunities for skating.

Before long, Bandy was adapted to play with ice skates. According to historian Charles Goodman T. Butt, people have probably been playing bandy on the ice since the mid-1700s. Tibet wrote in 1892, “Along with skating races, bands have long held bands in Fens.” It is certain that the game was played during the last [18th century] and even matches were played on Bury Fenners, and the local tradition is that a team consisting of players from the Bury Fans ) Was not defeated for a century, it can not be a matter of dishonor.

But it was not until the last afternoon of 1813–14 that the tradition was confirmed. One of the Tebbutts sources was William Leyland, a former captain of the Beverly Feners, who confirmed that bandi was played on ice in 1813. He also spoke to Richard Brown, who had been the umpire of the game between Willingham and Bluntisham-cum- Earith in 1827. Bandy was also played on ice in other parts of England at that time. In February 1816, for example, the Chester Chronicle in Chester, England, reported that people were playing bandy on the Frozen River.

What equipment is used in ice hockey?

This usually includes a helmet, shoulder pads / chest protector, elbow pads, mau guards, protective gloves, heavy pad shorts, a ‘jock’, shin guard and neck protector. Golenders wear masks and a lot of blackouts, special equipment designed to protect them from direct collisions with puck.

Originally it was generally accepted until the mid-1980s that ice hockey was derived from English field hockey and Indian lacrosse and was spread in Canada by British troops in the mid-1800s. The research then referred to a sport such as hockey, played by Indians in Nova Scotia in the early 1800s by the Mi’kmaq (Mic) Indians, which seemed to be much more than the Irish game of bouncing. Was more impressed. This involved using a “hurley” (stick) and a square piece of wood instead of a ball. It was primarily a game spread to Canada by Scottish and Irish immigrants and the British military.

Players adopted elements of field hockey, such as “bully” (later face to face) and “shining” (hitting an opponent with a stick on the shin or playing with a “shin” or a stick on the side). It evolved into an informal snow game, later called Shiny or Shanti. The name hockey – as the organized game became popular – is derived from the French word hockey. The term rink, which refers to the designated area of ​​the sport, was originally used in the sport of curling in 18th-century Scotland. Early hockey games allowed a maximum of 30 players to be placed on one side of the ice, and the goals were two stones, each frozen at one end of the ice. In Kingston Harbor, Ontario, Canada, the first use of a puck instead of a ball was recorded in 1860.