Whether you’re a history buff or just want to impress your teammates with
Hockey and its origins lie deep in ancient times. Historical records show that a rough version of the game was played 4,000 years ago in Egypt and around 1,000 BC in Ethiopia, while an ancient version of the game was also played in Iran around 2,000 BC. had gone. Various museums provide evidence that a form of play was played by the Romans and Greeks, as well as the Aztecs, many centuries before Columbus arrived in the New World.
The modern game of hockey emerged in England in the mid-18th century, largely due to the development of public schools such as Eaton. The first Hockey Association was formed in Britain in 1876 and developed the first official set of rules. The original association lasted only six years, but was revived in 1886 by the founding member clubs.
Hockey and the Olympics:
The Olympic hockey competition for men was being detained. in London in 1908, with England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales competing separately. With the addition of Germany and France, the competition was with six teams. After making its debut at the London Games, hockey was later excluded from the 1912 Stockholm Games, when the host nations gained control of the “optional sports”. It reappeared in Antwerp in 1920 under pressure from Belgian hockey lawyers before being released in Paris in 1924.
The formation of the International Hockey Federation in 1924 was not soon enough for the Paris Olympics, but it allowed hockey to re-enter Amsterdam in 1928. Hockey has been on the program ever since, including women’s hockey for the first time in Moscow 1980.
FIH (International Hockey Federation:
Hockey and FIH Inspired by the abandonment of hockey from the Paris Games in 1924, the Federation International de Hockey Pig Gazette (FIH) was founded by Paul Leautey. M.Leautey, who will later become the first president of the FIH, called on the seven national federations to form an international governing body for the sport. The founding members, who represented both men’s and women’s hockey in their home countries, were Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Hungary, Spain and Switzerland. Popular in the late nineteenth century, women’s sports flourished in many countries. In 1927, the International Federation of Women’s Hockey Associations (IFWHA) was formed. FIH in 1974 and IFWHA in 1980 – after celebrating their respective Golden Jubilees, the two organizations merged in 1982 to form the current FIH. By 1964, there were already 50 FIH-affiliated countries, as well as three continental associations – Africa, Pan-America and Asia – and in 1974, 71 members. Today, the International Hockey Federation consists of five continental associations, 137 national associations and is still growing.
Why is hockey our national sport?
Field hockey can be played on either the grass field or the turf, which consists of a specially designed mat. India’s performance in various international forums in hockey was exceptional during 1950-1920 and perhaps that is why the sport was accepted as a national sport in the country.
Hockey is primarily played as a winter sport by two teams of eleven players (ten running players and one goalkeeper). The goal of hockey is to score more goals than the other team and the player has to use his hockey stick to move the ball towards the goal of the team. Players can run many kilometers during the game. Hockey is primarily a non-contact sport (which is sometimes hard to believe!) And the rules limit the body’s ability to communicate and deal with it. A hockey field or pitch is a rectangular field 60 yards wide and 100 yards long (54.90 meters by 91.50 meters).
Hockey games are played in two halves of 35 minutes with an interval of five to ten minutes. Two umpires control the game (on each side of the field) and to score a goal you have to shoot inside the circle (actually a semicircle) and the ball must be completely across the goal line. ۔ The hockey stick is about one yard long, with a curved tip, flat on one side and round on the other. The rod is made of hard wood (metals are forbidden) and usually has a laminated handle. Fiberglass is now widely used as a binding agent in wooden sticks. Hockey sticks can vary in weight, curves and length, but the maximum weight is 28 ounces and the stick must fit through a 2 “diameter ring.
The ball can only be played with the flat side and edges of the stick, but there are many situations when it is necessary to turn the stick when pointing down in the “reverse stick” position. Left-handed hockey is not a stick, but hockey players who are naturally left-handed can still be very successful players. The ball is the same size and weight as a cricket ball and is covered with a thin sheet of lightweight plastic to keep it waterproof. Although white is the traditional color, other colors can be used – bright orange is often used in fields with artificial turf filled with sand.
Field players usually wear only body and mouth protectors for protection, but goalkeepers wear plenty of protective clothing including chest, arm and neck protectors, gloves, leg pads and kicking shoes. Helmets etc. are included. The rules and tools are the same for both men and women – see FIH rules.
Today, the work of the International Hockey Federation is accomplished through the efforts of the FIH President, Secretary-General and Treasurer, with an Executive Board, FIH Council, various Installation Committees and professional staff at its Brussels headquarters. Working together In many ways, FIH acts as the “patron” of the game FIH not only organizes the game, but is also responsible for its development and promotion to ensure a secure future for hockey.